In an industrial context, 3D printing processes are often referred to as additive manufacturing processes. This is because these processes allow components to be manufactured by adding material layer by layer.
Adhesive forces determine the strength of the interface between the part to be joined and the adhesive layer.
This process is also known as aerosol jet printing (AJP). This non-contact direct printing process allows the most delicate structures to be printed from a wide variety of substrates.
The German Platform Industrie 4.0 accomplished a standard for an homogenous and consistent implementation of an digital twin. The Asset-Administration-Shell (AAS) provides an interoperable and standardized information model.